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托福写作零门槛句式变化方法

时间:2018-11-02 18:06来源:大眼蛙 作者:张老师 点击:
托福写作零门槛句式变化方法如下,那么,有没有什么又简单,又能与众不同的句式变化方法呢? 当然有!今天就来教大家这一招零门槛句式变化方法,就是使用冒号。 在我们进入冒号用法的学习之前,先来看一看文学家奥斯卡.王尔德对冒号的巧妙使用: There are onl
       托福写作零门槛句式变化方法如下,那么,有没有什么又简单,又能与众不同的句式变化方法呢?

  当然有!今天就来教大家这一招零门槛句式变化方法,就是使用冒号。

  在我们进入冒号用法的学习之前,先来看一看文学家奥斯卡.王尔德对冒号的巧妙使用:

  There are only two tragedies in life: one is not getting what one wants, and the other is getting it. 生活中只有两类悲剧,有些人总是不能如愿,而有些人总是心想事成。

  Arguments are to be avoided: they are always vulgar and often convincing. 要避免争论:争论总是俗不可耐,而且常常令人信服。

  ”

  在这些句子中,冒号有什么表意呢?

  冒号一般使用在什么语境中呢?

  在托福作文这一类文体中,常见的用法是表示停顿,其停顿时间比分号长,比句号短,有时它和句号是可以互换的。冒号的作用是对前文进行引申、举例、解释或补充说明,还能产生轻微的戏剧化效果。当然,冒号也能用在书信体、引文当中,但是因为在托福中几乎用不到这些用法,所以本文就不多介绍了。

  我们在托福写作中,冒号最常见的搭配是添加名词,动词短语或完整的句子。

  来分别看一下例句

  添加名词:She showed me the books she had just borrowed from the library: two novels by Jane Austen and a book on the history of English literature.

  添加动词:This is her plan: go shopping.

  添加句子:She was sure of one thing: she was not going to be a teacher.

  冒号的用法是不是非常灵活,很容易上手使用呢?

  但是以下原则必须记住:冒号必须加在完整句子或独立子句之后。

  以下句子就是错误的:For the camping trip, I bought: food, water, and a tent.

  正确的写法应该是:For the camping trip, I bought several essentials: food, water, and a tent.

  最后,冒号能够如何让我们的表达更流畅丰富呢?

  我们一起用冒号修改一下三个句子吧。

  第一题,用冒号合并两句话

  普通标点版:Oscar Wilde spoke about three lies. These are ordinary lies, while lies, and statistics.

  冒号整合版:Oscar Wilde spoke about three lies: ordinary lies, white lies, and statistics.

  第二题,用冒号取代such as

  普通标点版:Most sports programs, despite their excesses, manage to promote the old virtues such as self-confidence, personal responsibility, teamwork,persistence and the ability to win and lose with grace.

  冒号整合版:Most sports programs, despite their excesses, manage to promote the old virtues: self-confidence, personal responsibility, teamwork, persistence and the ability to win and lose with grace.

  第三题:用冒号避免句子头重脚轻

  普通标点版:According to Omer Khayyam, who is a Persian poet, a load of bread, a jug of wine, and one’s beloved are the three things necessary for a paradise on earth.

  冒号整合版:For Omer Khayyam, a Persian poet, three things are necessary for a paradise on earth: a loaf of bread, a jug of wine, and one’s beloved.


托福写作零门槛句式变化方法

 
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