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你的托福阅读速度够快吗

时间:2018-07-06 23:36来源:大眼蛙 作者:张老师 点击:
你的托福阅读速度够快吗?如果你阅读速度慢,60分钟将飞速流逝,然后用尴尬的听力打你个措手不及透心凉。 你的阅读速度够快吗?可要提前说,平时20分钟读完一篇外加做题你刚刚好的话,上了考场很可能是时间不够用的状态。 下面先给你个检验方法,当然已经知
你的托福阅读速度够快吗?如果你阅读速度慢,60分钟将飞速流逝,然后用尴尬的听力打你个措手不及透心凉。

你的阅读速度够快吗?可要提前说,平时20分钟读完一篇外加做题你刚刚好的话,上了考场很可能是时间不够用的状态。

下面先给你个检验方法,当然已经知晓自己阅读速度不灵的同学可以直接往下拉,看如何提高你的阅读速度部分~

1

Later Heyerdahl suggested that the Pacific was peopled by three migrations: by Native Americans from the Pacific Northwest of North America drifting to Hawaii, by Peruvians drifting to Easter Island, and by Melanesians. In 1969 he crossed the Atlantic in an Egyptian-style reed boat to prove Egyptian influences in the Americas. Contrary to these theorists, the overwhelmingevidence of physical anthropology, linguistics, and archaeology shows that the Pacific islanders came from Southeast Asia and were skilled enough as navigators to sail against the prevailing winds and currents.

The word “overwhelming” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. powerful

B. favorable

C. current

D. reasonable

2

Dissatisfaction with conventional explanations for dinosaur extinctions led to a surprising observation that, in turn, has suggested a new hypothesis. Many plants and animals disappear abruptly from the fossil record as one moves from layers of rock documenting the end of the Cretaceous up into rocks representing the beginning of the Cenozoic (the era after the Mesozoic).Between the last layer of Cretaceous rock and the first layer of Cenozoic rock, there is often a thin layer of clay. Scientists felt that they could get an idea of how long the extinctions took by determining how long it took to deposit this one centimeter of clay and they thought they could determine the time it took to deposit the clay by determining the amount of the element iridium (Ir) it contained.

【句子简化】

A. The fossil record suggests that there was an abrupt extinction of many plants and animals at the end of the Mesozoic era.

B. Few fossils of the Mesozoic era have survived in the rocks that mark the end of the Cretaceous.

C. Fossils from the Cretaceous period of the Mesozoic up to the beginning of the Cenozoic era have been removed from the layers of rock that surrounded them.

D. Plants and animals from the Mesozoic era were unable to survive in the Cenozoic era.

3

Ecologists are especially interested to know what factors contribute to the resilience of communities because climax communities all over the world are being severely damaged or destroyed by human activities. The destruction caused by the volcanic explosion of Mount St. Helens, in the northwestern United States, for example, pales in comparison to the destruction caused by humans. We need to know what aspects of a community are most important to the community’s resistance to destruction, as well as its recovery.

In fact, damage to the environment by humans is often much more severe than damage by natural events and processes.

4

Most savannas probably experience mild fires frequently and major burns every two years or so. Many savanna and dry-forest plant species are called pyrophytes, meaning they are adapted in various ways to withstand occasional burning. Frequent fire is a factor to which rain forest species seem unable to adapt, although ancient charcoal remains from Amazon forest soils dating prior to the arrival of humans suggest that moist forests also occasionally burn. Experiments suggest that if fire did not occur in savannas in the Americas, species composition would change significantly. When burning occurs, it prevents competition among plant species from progressing to the point where some species exclude others, reducing the overall diversity of the ecosystem. But in experimental areas protected from fire, a few perennial grass species eventually come to dominate, outcompeting all others. Evidence from other studies suggests that exclusion of fire results in markedly decreased plant-species richness, often with an increase in tree density. There is generally little doubt that fire is a significant factor in maintaining savanna, certainly in most regions.

Paragraph 5 supports which of the following statements regarding the importance of fires in maintaining savannas?

A. Fires prevent the growth of pyrophytes.

B. Fires eliminate some species and thus reduce the overall diversity of the ecosystem.

C. Fires that occur once every two years are unlikely to help maintain savannas.

D. Fires prevent some species from eliminating other species with which they compete.

5

Another type of fossilization, known as carbonization, occurs when soft tissues are preserved as thin films of carbon. Leaves and tissue of soft-bodied organisms such as jellyfish or worms may accumulate, become buried and compressed, and lose their volatile constituents. The carbon often remains behind as a blackened silhouette.

Paragraph 5 suggests which of the following about the carbonization process?

A. It is completed soon after an organism dies.

B. It does not occur in hard-shell organisms.

C. It sometimes allows soft-tissued organisms to be preserved with all their parts.

D. It is a more precise process of preservation than is replacement.

答案

A A B D B

测试结果

6分钟及以上:速度略慢,继续努力

5-6分钟:比较稳健,还需精进!

4-5分钟: 不错不错,高分指日可待!

3-4分钟 (or even less):大佬好!

如何提高自己的阅读速度呢?

你真别觉得和词汇无关:

文章中如果有很多生词,导致你文章无法理解。或者如果你发现你必须要一个一个词看才能看懂。这两个都属于单词的问题。生词这个是纯不认识,那就刷单词吧。不刷到60%的托福单词你看阅读会很吃力,效果也非常差。

而很多同学处在看文章词汇懂,但是需要挨个字看的。这种一个原因是你词汇不够熟悉,需要反应时间,这个的解决办法依旧是回顾背单词。不过单词和阅读可以同步复习。而另一个这种情况的原因是你的“反应堆”意群不够大,这个需要你在阅读中来训练,扩大自己的反映意群。这个其实很好理解,就是像Although her early theatrical career had included stints as anactress, she was not primarily interested in storytelling or expressingemotions through dance; the drama of her dancing emanated from her visualeffects.中,你看那些诸如she was not primarily interested in是连起来看得,一扫而过。但在专业名词比较多的段落、或者词汇比较难的段落你就会变成挨个字的看。

理解归纳问题:

明明每个词都认识(好不容易背的),但是看整篇文章却混乱不堪不知所言?整理不出每段的段落大意?无法认识理解句子间和段落间关系?觉得作者是不是疯了说着说着突然插一句别的?

这些都属于理解归纳上出现了问题。这个的解决也是非常重要的要关注的问题。只有把握了整体逻辑脉络,我们才能够理解文章做题,并且在之后的输出写作中也更具有逻辑性、更native。

要增强这个能力,需要我们对文章进行仔细的精读。每篇文章看完做完题、甚至分析完错题不是就完事儿了。你查阅所有不认识的单词、记录下来也不能算完。需要你给每一句做一个总结。用中文总结这句说的是什么。然后扩大到整个段落的总结。由细到粗由小到大,由句子到全文的理解。这种方式锻炼下来你会自然理解整篇文章,理解句子、段落之间的关系。在之后的阅读中也就能够边读边总结、边理解了。

做题技巧问题:

不同题型必须用不同方法,才能高效高质地解题。托福虽是一门考查综合英语能力的考试,没什么捷径可走,但它终究是一门考试,但凡考试都有考试技巧。有时候可能你理解认识了,但在技巧上缺乏那么一点的“捅破窗户纸”,就导致部分题目的本可避免的失误。那么托福阅读的技巧如何习得掌握呢?


你的托福阅读速度够快吗
 
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